Today in History: Today is Saturday, August 6, the 218th day of 2022.

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Today’s highlight in the story:

On August 6, 1945, during World War II, the American B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb codenamed “Little Boy” on Hiroshima, Japan, killing an estimated 140,000. (Three days later, the United States detonated a nuclear device over Nagasaki; five days later, Imperial Japan surrendered.)

To this date :

In 1806, the Holy Roman Empire came to an end when Emperor Francis II abdicated.

In 1825, Upper Peru became the Autonomous Republic of Bolivia.

In 1942, Queen Wilhemina of the Netherlands became the first Queen Reigning to address a joint session of Congress, telling lawmakers that despite Nazi occupation, her people’s motto remained “No surrender”.

In 1962, Jamaica became independent after 300 years of British rule.

In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act.

In 1973, artist Stevie Wonder was seriously injured in a car accident in North Carolina.

In 1978, Pope Paul VI died in Castel Gandolfo at the age of 80.

In 1991, the World Wide Web made its public debut as a way to access web pages on the Internet. Television journalist Harry Reasoner has died in Norwalk, Connecticut, at the age of 68.

In 1993, Louis Freeh was confirmed by the Senate as director of the FBI.

In 2003, actor Arnold Schwarzenegger used an appearance on NBC’s “The Tonight Show with Jay Leno” to announce his successful bid to replace California Governor Gray Davis.

In 2009, Sonia Sotomayor was confirmed as the first Hispanic Supreme Court justice by a Senate vote of 68 to 31. John Hughes, 59, director of Hollywood youth films of the 80s and 90s, died in New York .

In 2011, insurgents shot down a US military helicopter during fighting in eastern Afghanistan, killing 30 Americans, most from the same elite Navy commando unit that killed Osama bin Laden; seven Afghan commandos also died.

In 2013, US Army Major Nidal Malik Hasan stood trial at Fort Hood, Texas, accused of killing 13 people and wounding 32 others in a 2009 attack. (Hasan, who admitted carrying out the attack, was convicted and sentenced to death.)

Ten years ago: Syrian Prime Minister Riad Hijab defected two months after being forced into the post by President Bashar Assad. Marvin Hamlisch, 68, who composed or arranged scores for dozens of films including ‘The Sting’ and the Broadway hit ‘A Chorus Line’, has died in Los Angeles.

Five years ago: Vice President Mike Pence, in a White House statement, called ‘shameful and offensive’ a New York Times report suggesting he was setting the stage for a possible 2020 presidential bid if President Donald Trump wasn’t running.

A year ago: New Jersey gym owner Scott Fairlamb and Washington state man Devlyn Thompson became the first people charged in the Jan. 6 Capitol riot to plead guilty of assaulting a law enforcement officer. (Fairlamb was sentenced to 41 months in prison; Thompson received nearly four years.) American Allyson Felix won her 10th Olympic track medal at the Tokyo Games with a bronze medal in the 400 meters, the greatest number of medals won by a woman in Olympic history. (She would earn an 11th the next day.) The USA team of April Ross and Alix Klineman won gold in beach volleyball.

Today’s birthdays: Ella Jenkins, child comedian, turns 98. Actor-director Peter Bonerz is 84 years old. Actor Louise Sorel is 82 years old. Actor Michael Anderson Jr. is 79 years old. Actor Ray Buktenica is 79 years old. Actor Dorian Harewood is 72 years old. Actress Catherine Hicks is 71 years old. Rock singer Pat MacDonald (Timbuk 3) is 70 years old. Country musician Mark DuFresne is 69. Actor Stepfanie Kramer is 66 years old. Actor Faith Prince is 65 years old. R&B singer Randy DeBarge is 64 years old. Actor Leland Orser is 62 years old. 60.

Country singers Patsy and Peggy Lynn are 58. Basketball Hall of Famer David Robinson is 57. Actor Jeremy Ratchford is 57 years old. Actor Benito Martinez is 54 years old. Country singer Lisa Stewart is 54. Writer-director M. Night Shyamalan (SHAH’-mah-lahn) is 52 years old. is 51 years old. Singer Geri Halliwell Horner is 50 years old. Actor Jason O’Mara is 50 years old. Actor Vera Farmiga is 49 years old. Actor Ever Carradine is 48 years old. Actor Soleil (soh-LAY’) Moon Frye is 46 years old. Actor Melissa George is 46 years old. singer Travis McCoy is 41 years old. Actor Leslie Odom Jr. is 41 years old. Actor Romola Garai is 40 years old. American Olympic and WNBA basketball star A’ja Wilson is 26 years old.

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